TB Statistics India - National, treatment outcome, state

National TB statistics India

India is the country with the highest burden of TB. The World Health Organisation (WHO) TB statistics for India for 2016 give an estimated incidence figure of 2.79 million cases of TB for India. The TB incidence is the number of new cases of active TB disease during a certain time period (usually a year).

Some further estimates of the TB burden are given below.

Estimated burden of TB 2016
Estimates of TB burden (2016) Number Rate per 100,000 population
Incidence of TB cases (includes HIV + TB) 2.790 million 211
Incidence (HIV+TB only) 87,000 6.6
Incidence (MDR/RR-TB)) 147,000 11
Mortality (excludes HIV+TB) 423,000 32
Mortality (HIV+TB only) 12,000 0.92

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When reading high mortality figures such as these it can be difficult to realize what it means at an individual level. So to get some understanding of what it can mean at an individual level it can be helpful to read what it means to be dying of TB.

It is estimated that about 40% of the Indian population is infected with TB bacteria, the vast majority of whom have latent TB rather than TB disease.

Most of the national TB statistics for India are collected by the government Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) which was started in 1997, and which was then expanded across the country.

TB treatment outcomes

Trend of treatment outcome of TB patients notified from the Public Sector under the RNTCP

The treatment success rate among microbiologically confirmed new TB patients has remained consistently above 85%. Among previously treated microbiologically confirmed TB patients, the treatment success rate has remained at 70%.

Treatment outcome of TB patients in the private sector

There are currently few notifications from the private sector although they are now increasing. The following are the treatment outcomes for patients from the private sector in 2015.

District Notified patients Treatment completed Died Lost to follow up Not evaluated Treatment regimen change
Patna 14,940 73% 3% 5% 18% 1%
Mehsana 2,909 73% 5% 5% 16% 1%
Mumbai 11,370 76% 2% 5% 13% 1%

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Indian state TB statistics

In 2016 out of the total reported patients, almost one fifth of the patients were reported from the private sector. As shown below there was wide variation from state to state in respect of the proportionate reporting of TB patients from the two sectors. In Kerala the reporting was almost equal, whilst the number reported was nil in some of the NE states.

Also, as shown below out of the million and a half people with TB, who were tested for HIV in 2016, about 3% or 50,000 were found to be HIV positive with again great variation among the different states.

India TB statistics for each state
State Population covered by RNTCP TB patients notified from public sector TB patients notified from private sector Pediatric TB cases New Patients Previously treated patients % Micro - biologically confirmed Total of TB patients notified No of notified TB cases with known HIV status No of TB patients known to be HIV positive among those with known status
Andaman & Nicobar 400,000 509 25 32 421 88 45 534 465 46
Andhra Pradesh 51,100,000 64,420 9,953 2,163 52,273 12,147 60 74,373 73,629 7,363
Arunachal Pradesh 1,500,000 2,758 30 410 2,111 647 41 2,788 2,342 0
Assam 33,300,000 36,724 4,127 1,526 29,798 6,926 50 40,851 20,426 204
Bihar 115,400,000 59,020 37,981 3,666 49,543 9,477 59 97,001 64,021 1,280
Chandigarh 1,100,000 2,980 433 248 2,527 453 49 3,413 3,311 33
Chhattisgarh 28,600,000 30,821 8,663 1,350 27,441 3,380 48 39,484 36,720 367
D & H Haveli 400,000 510 42 32 406 104 50 552 519 10
Daman & Diu 300,000 368 119 15 275 93 46 487 482 5
Delhi 18,000,000 55,657 7,049 6,677 43,740 11,917 36 62,706 56,435 1.129
Goa 1,500,000 1,576 390 71 1,340 236 49 1,966 1,828 110
Gujarat 65,600,000 89,293 37,372 3,561 64,134 25,159 64 126,665 122,865 3,686
Haryana 27,700,000 41,389 6,156 2,066 31,922 9,467 51 47,545 44,692 447
Himachal Pradesh 7,200,000 14,070 891 610 11,180 2,890 53 14,961 13,168 132
Jammu & Kashmir 13,800,000 9,244 693 601 7,237 2,007 49 9,937 7,353 0
Jharkhand 36,600,000 35,130 4,385 1,342 29,865 5,265 53 39,515 29,241 292
Karnataka 65,200,000 59,732 8,730 3,191 47,145 12,587 59 68,462 65,723 7,230
Kerala 34,000,000 20,969 26,324 1,399 18,407 2,562 55 47,293 45,401 454
Lakshadweep 100,000 23 0 16 23 0 43 23 23 0
Madhya Pradesh 79,100,000 113,172 16,743 9,855 96,680 16,492 49 129,915 106,530 1,065
Maharashtra 119,300,000 122,172 72,967 6,394 96,068 26,104 49 195,139 183,431 12,840
Manipur 2,900,000 1,768 625 69 1,453 315 49 2,393 2,130 128
Meghalaya 3,300,000 3,934 652 260 3,290 644 42 4,586 2,385 72
Mizoram 1,200,000 2,162 43 295 1,850 312 32 2,205 1,786 214
Nagaland 2,000,000 2,274 547 185 1,837 437 49 2,821 2,370 118
Orissa 44,400,000 41,807 2,044 1,922 36,065 5,742 54 43,851 40,781 815
Pondicherry 1,400,000 1,415 6 64 1,199 216 59 1,421 1,407 28
Punjab 29,300,000 37,093 2,743 2,031 30,224 6,869 51 39,836 36,251 362
Rajasthan 74,900,000 90,032 16,724 3,731 70,324 19,708 52 106,756 96,080 961
Sikkim 600,000 1,463 76 100 1,169 294 41 1,539 1,508 15
Tamil Nadu 77,100,000 82,107 13,972 3,176 67,585 14,522 59 96,079 94,157 4,708
Telangana 36,500,000 38,829 6,174 1,624 30,712 8,117 59 45,003 43,653 2,619
Tripura 3,900,000 2,344 30 39 1,987 357 63 2,374 1,709 34
Uttar Pradesh 217,800,000 260,572 37,174 13,941 216,041 44,531 56 297,746 250,107 2,501
Uttarakhand 11,000,000 13,255 18,26 720 10,450 2,805 52 15,081 11,763 118
West Bengal 96,200,000 85,179 4,477 3,093 71,380 13,799 60 89,656 78,369 1,567
Total 1,302,900,000 1,424,771 330,186 76,475 1,158,102 266,669 54 1,754,957 1,544,362 50,953

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Major Sources for TB Statistics India