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TB Statistics India – National, treatment outcome & state statistics

National TB statistics India

India is the country with the highest burden of TB. The World Health Organisation (WHO) TB statistics for India for 2016 give an estimated incidence figure of 2.79 million cases of TB for India. The TB incidence is the number of new cases of active TB disease during a certain time period (usually a year).

Some further estimates of the TB burden are given below.

Estimated burden of TB 2016
Estimates of TB burden (2016) Number Rate per 100,000 population
Incidence of TB cases (includes HIV + TB) 2.790 million 211
Incidence (HIV+TB only) 87,000 6.6
Incidence (MDR/RR-TB)) 147,000 11
Mortality (excludes HIV+TB) 423,000 32
Mortality (HIV+TB only) 12,000 0.92

When reading high mortality figures such as these it can be difficult to realize what it means at an individual level. So to get some understanding of what it can mean at an individual level it can be helpful to read what it means to be dying of TB.

It is estimated that about 40% of the Indian population is infected with TB bacteria, the vast majority of whom have latent TB rather than TB disease.

Most of the national TB statistics for India are collected by the government Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) which was started in 1997, and which was then expanded across the country.

TB treatment outcomes

Trend of treatment outcome of TB patients notified from the Public Sector under the RNTCP

The treatment success rate among microbiologically confirmed new TB patients remained consistently above 85%. Among previously treated microbiologically confirmed TB patients, the treatment success rate remained at 70%.

Treatment outcome of TB patients in the private sector

There are increasing notifications from the private sector. The following are the treatment outcomes for patients from the private sector in 2015.

District Notified patients Treatment completed Died Lost to follow up Not evaluated Treatment regimen change
Patna 14,940 73% 3% 5% 18% 1%
Mehsana 2,909 73% 5% 5% 16% 1%
Mumbai 11,370 76% 2% 5% 13% 1%

Indian state TB statistics

In 2016 out of the total reported patients, almost one fifth of the patients were reported from the private sector. As shown below there was wide variation from state to state in respect of the proportionate reporting of TB patients from the two sectors. In Kerala the reporting was almost equal, whilst the number reported was nil in some of the NE states.

Also, as shown below out of the million and a half people with TB, who were tested for HIV in 2016, about 3% or 50,000 were found to be HIV positive with again great variation among the different states.

India TB statistics for each state
State Population covered by RNTCP TB patients notified from public sector TB patients notified from private sector Pediatric TB cases New Patients Previously treated patients % Micro – biologically confirmed Total of TB patients notified No of notified TB cases with known HIV status

 

No of TB patients known to be HIV positive among those with known status
Andaman & Nicobar 400,000 509  25  32  421  88  45 534  465 46
Andhra Pradesh 51,100,000 64,420  9,953  2,163  52,273  12,147  60  74,373  73,629 7,363
Arunachal Pradesh 1,500,000  2,758  30  410  2,111  647  41  2,788  2,342  0
Assam 33,300,000  36,724  4,127  1,526  29,798  6,926  50  40,851  20,426  204
Bihar 115,400,000  59,020 37,981  3,666  49,543  9,477  59  97,001  64,021  1,280
Chandigarh 1,100,000  2,980  433  248  2,527  453  49  3,413  3,311  33
Chhattisgarh 28,600,000  30,821  8,663  1,350  27,441  3,380  48  39,484  36,720  367
D & H Haveli 400,000  510  42  32  406  104  50  552  519  10
Daman & Diu 300,000  368  119  15  275  93  46  487  482  5
Delhi 18,000,000  55,657  7,049  6,677  43,740  11,917  36  62,706  56,435  1.129
Goa 1,500,000  1,576  390  71 1,340  236  49  1,966  1,828  110
Gujarat 65,600,000  89,293 37,372  3,561 64,134  25,159  64  126,665  122,865  3,686
Haryana 27,700,000  41,389  6,156  2,066 31,922  9,467  51  47,545 44,692  447
Himachal Pradesh 7,200,000  14,070  891  610  11,180  2,890  53  14,961  13,168  132
Jammu & Kashmir 13,800,000  9,244  693  601  7,237  2,007  49 9,937  7,353  0
Jharkhand 36,600,000  35,130  4,385  1,342  29,865  5,265  53  39,515  29,241  292
Karnataka 65,200,000  59,732  8,730  3,191  47,145  12,587  59  68,462 65,723  7,230
Kerala 34,000,000  20,969  26,324  1,399  18,407  2,562  55  47,293  45,401  454
Lakshadweep 100,000  23  0  16  23  0  43  23 23  0
Madhya Pradesh 79,100,000  113,172  16,743  9,855  96,680  16,492  49  129,915  106,530  1,065
Maharashtra 119,300,000  122,172  72,967  6,394  96,068  26,104  49  195,139  183,431  12,840
Manipur 2,900,000  1,768  625  69  1,453  315  49  2,393  2,130  128
Meghalaya 3,300,000  3,934  652  260  3,290  644  42  4,586  2,385  72
Mizoram 1,200,000  2,162  43  295  1,850  312  32  2,205  1,786  214
Nagaland 2,000,000  2,274  547  185  1,837  437  49  2,821  2,370  118
Orissa 44,400,000  41,807  2,044  1,922  36,065  5,742  54  43,851  40,781  815
Pondicherry 1,400,000  1,415  6  64  1,199  216  59  1,421  1,407  28
Punjab 29,300,000  37,093  2,743  2,031  30,224 6,869  51  39,836  36,251  362
Rajasthan 74,900,000  90,032  16,724  3,731  70,324 19,708  52  106,756  96,080  961
Sikkim 600,000  1,463  76  100  1,169  294  41  1,539 1,508  15
Tamil Nadu 77,100,000  82,107  13,972  3,176  67,585  14,522  59  96,079  94,157  4,708
Telangana 36,500,000  38,829  6,174  1,624  30,712  8,117  59  45,003  43,653  2,619
Tripura 3,900,000  2,344  30  39  1,987  357  63  2,374 1,709  34
Uttar Pradesh 217,800,000  260,572  37,174  13,941  216,041  44,531  56  297,746  250,107  2,501
Uttarakhand 11,000,000  13,255  18,26  720  10,450  2,805  52  15,081 11,763  118
West Bengal 96,200,000  85,179  4,477  3,093  71,380  13,799  60  89,656 78,369 1,567

 

Total 1,302,900,000  1,424,771  330,186  76,475  1,158,102  266,669  54  1,754,957  1,544,362  50,953

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You can read more by looking at:

TB in India

or National Strategic Plan 2017 – 2025

Major sources for TB statistics for India

TB India 2017 Revised National TB Control Programme Annual Status Report, New Delhi, 2017 www.tbcindia.nic.in/

WHO Global TB Report 2017  www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/