The TB statistics for England show that for the past three years, there has been a year on year decline in the number of TB cases in England, down to 6,520 in 2014, a rate of 12.0 per 100,000.
|Year||Number of TB cases||Rate per 100,000||Annual change in TB case numbers (%)||Annual change in rate (%)|
The proportion of cases who completed treatment within 12 months was 84.8% compared with 83.6% in 2012.
|Year||Total (n)||Completed (n)||Completed (%)||Died (n)||Died (%)||Lost to follow-up (n)||Lost to follow-up (%)||Still on treatment (n)||Still on treatment (%)||Stopped (n)||Stopped (%)||Not evaluated (n)||Not evaluated (%)|
Not evaluated includes missing, unknown and transferred out.
92% of TB cases notified in 2014 were offered and received HIV testing. This was however much lower for those aged 0 to 14 (66%) and 65 years and older (82%). The proportion of TB cases with HIV co-infection was highest in those aged 45 to 64 years (5%) and lowest in those aged 65 and older (0.6). There is more about TB and HIV co-infection generally.
|Year||15 – 44 (n)||15 – 44 (%)||45 – 64 (n)||45 – 64 (%)||65 + (n)||65 + (%)||Total|
The TB statistics for England also show that the proportion of cases with initial resistance to isoniazid without MRD-TB has remained fairly stable over the past few years at between 6% and 7%. Resistance to any first line TB drug is between 7% and 8%.
|Year||Resistant to any first line TB drug (n)||Resistant to any first line TB drug (%)||Isoniazid resistant (n)||Isoniazid resistant (%)||Rifampicin resistant (n)||Rifampicin resistant (%)||Ethambutol resistant (%)||Ethambutol resistant (%)||Pyrazinamide resistant (%)||Pyrazinamide resistant (%)|
Tuberculosis in England 2015 report version 1.1, Public Health England, London, 2015 Tuberculosis in England 2015 Public Health England