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Cases of TB – Country, mortality and region

India is the country with the highest number of cases of TB

India is the country with the highest number of cases of TB

The table below lists the countries that had 1,000 or more cases of TB in 2015. The number of cases is the number of people with active TB, and is the number reported to the World Health Organisation (WHO). The list also gives the mortality (the number of deaths from TB) and the WHO region that the country is in. Twenty two of these countries have often been referred to as the TB “high burden” countries.

List of countries with more than 1,000 cases of TB in 2015

Cases of TB notified by country 2015
Country New & relapse cases of TB Mortality WHO Region
Afghanistan 37,001 12,000 EMR
Algeria 23,879 3,300 AFR
Angola 61,060 18,000 AFR
Argentina 10,506 810 AMR
Armenia 1,104 110 EUR
Australia 1,254 48 WPR
Azerbaijan 5,701 58 EUR
Bangladesh 209,438 73,000 SEAR
Belarus 4,177 530 EUR
Benin 4,092 1,300 AFR
Bolivia 7,893 510 AMR
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,095 120 EUR
Botswana 5,073 2,000 AFR
Brazil 81,137 7,700 AMR
Bulgaria 1,660 90 EUR
Burkina Faso 5,808 1,900 AFR
Burundi 6,969 3,300 AFR
Cambodia 35,638 9,100 WPR
Cameroon 26,570 13,000 AFR
Canada 1,640 120 AMR
Central African Republic 10,799 4,900 AFR
Chad 12,026 5,700 AFR
Chile 2,657 490 AMR
China 804,163 38,000 WPR
China, Hong Kong SAR 4,498 190 WPR
Colombia 12,749 1,400 AMR
Congo 10,119 4,700 AFR
Cote d’Ivoire 22,879 7,500 AFR
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 120,722 16,000 SEAR
Democratic Republic of the Congo 120,508 67,000 AFR
Djibouti 2,692 380 AFR
Dominican Republic 4,690 870 AMR
Ecuador 5,215 800 AMR
Egypt 8,155 240 EMR
El Salvador 2,461 140 AMR
Equatorial Guinea 1,286 180 AFR
Eritrea 2,094 660 AFR
Ethiopia 137,960 29,000 AFR
Gabon 6,293 1,200 AFR
Gambia 2,551 540 AFR
Georgia 3,611 210 EUR
Germany 5,865 340 EUR
Ghana 14,999 15,000 AFR
Guatemala 3,381 370 AMR
Guinea 12,242 5,500 AFR
Guinea Bissau 2,141 2,500 AFR
Haiti 16,431 2,600 AMR
Honduras 2,919 150 AMR
India 1,740,435 510,000 SEAR
Indonesia 330,729 130,000 SEAR
Iran 10,399 1,400 EMR
Iraq 8,255 860 EMR
Italy 3,769 350 EUR
Japan 18,280 3,200 WPR
Kazakhstan 14,631 1,400 EUR
Kenya 81,518 16,000 AFR
Kyrgyzstan 7,833 730 EUR
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 4,638 3,600 WPR
Lesotho 7,892 5,900 AFR
Liberia 5,849 4,000 AFR
Libya 1,014 700 EMR
Lithuania 1,507 240 EUR
Madagascar 29,939 13,000 AFR
Malawi 17,104 8,900 AFR
Malaysia 24,220 2,600 WPR
Mali 7,015 2,100 AFR
Mauritania 2,352 980 AFR
Mexico 22,294 3,100 AMR
Mongolia 4,935 640 WPR
Morocco 31,403 3,400 EMR
Mozambique 61,559 54,000 AFR
Myanmar 140,700 31,000 SEAR
Namibia 9,944 1,700 AFR
Nepal 34,122 6,100 SEAR
Nicaragua 2,705 180 AMR
Niger 10,625 4,200 AFR
Nigeria 90,584 240,000 AFR
Pakistan 331,809 46,000 EMR
Panama 1,658 280 AMR
Papua New Guinea 28,696 3,700 WPR
Paraquay 2,536 300 AMR
Peru 30,998 2,500 AMR
Philippines 286,544 14,000 WPR
Poland 6,430 560 EUR
Portugal 2,124 260 EUR
Republic of Korea 40,847 2,600 WPR
Republic of Moldova 4,211 490 EUR
Romania 15,195 1,100 EUR
Russian Federation 130,904 17,000 EUR
Rwanda 5,637 720 AFR
Saudi Arabia 3,464 680 EMR
Senegal 13,559 3,800 AFR
Serbia 1,658 110 EUR
Sierra Leone 12,103 4,100 AFR
Singapore 2,171 76 WPR
Somalia 14,203 7,200 EMR
South Africa 294,603 97,000 AFR
South Sudan 10,250 4,200 AFR
Spain 4,191 320 EUR
Sri Lanka 9,575 1,200 SEAR
Sudan 20,006 8,000 EMR
Swaziland 4,567 1,900 AFR
Syrian Arab Republic 2,992 21 EMR
Tajikistan 6,232 250 EUR
Thailand 66,179 14,000 SEAR
Timor-Leste 3,532 1,200 SEAR
Togo 2,671 670 AFR
Tunisia 3,357 240 EMR
Turkey 12,772 750 EUR
Turkmenistan 2,570 460 EUR
Uganda 43,736 12,000 AFR
Ukraine 35,304 7,100 EUR
United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland 6,240 340 EUR
United Republic of Tanzania 62,180 55,000 AFR
United States of America 9,551 660 AMR
Uzbekistan 19,055 2,900 EUR
Venezuela 7,278 900 AMR
Viet Nam 102,676 17,000 WPR
Yemen 7,699 1,600 EMR
Zambia 41,588 17,000 AFR
Zimbabwe 28,225 8,000 AFR

Countries with less than 1,000 cases of TB in 2015

Below are the details of countries that had less than 1,000 cases of active TB a year (number of TB cases in brackets). The list includes some countries that either had no cases, or who did not report any cases to the WHO. For some countries the WHO region is not known.

Albania (415, EUR) American Samoa Andorra (4, EUR) Anguilla (0) Antigua and Barbuda (AMR) Aruba Austria (583, EUR) Bahamas (62, AMR)  Bahrain (EMR)  Barbados (0, AMR) Belgium (988, EUR) Belize (84) Bermuda (0) Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saha British Virgin Islands (0) Brunei Darussalam (212, WPR)  Cabo Verde (272, AFR) Cayman Islands (7) China, Macao SAR (372) Comoros Cook Islands (1, WPR)  Costa Rica (424, AMR) Croatia (486, EUR) Cuba (753, AMR)  Curacao Cyprus (63, EUR) Czechia (518, EUR) Denmark (357, EUR) Dominica (7)

Estonia (217, EUR) Fiji (371, WPR) Finland (271, EUR) French Polynesia (51) Greece (482, EUR) Greenland (80, AMR) Grenada (5) Guam (76) Guyana (668, AMR) Hungary (906, EUR) Iceland (7, EUR) Ireland (312, EUR) Israel (280, EUR)  Jamaica (103, AMR) Jordan (437, EMR)  Kiribati (516, WPR)  Kuwait (748, EMR) Latvia (721, EUR) Lebanon (666, EMR) Luxembourg (30, EUR) Maldives (153, SEAR) Malta (32, EUR) Marshall Islands (138, WPR)  Mauritus (129, AFR) Micronesia, Federated States of (108, WPR) Monaco (0, EUR)  Montenegro (80, EUR)  Montserrat (0)

Nauru (18, WPR)  Netherlands (667, EUR) New Caledonia (56) New Zealand (297, WPR) Niue (0, WPR)  Northern Mariana Islands (28) Norway (318, EUR) Oman (328, EMR)  Palau (14, WPR)  Puerto Rico (52) Qatar (EMR) Saint Kitts and Nevis (AMR) Saint Lucia (14, AMR)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (7, AMR)  Samoa (19, WPR) San Marino Sao Tome and Principe (207, AFR)  Serbia, without Kosovo (888, EUR)  Kosovo (770) Seychelles (8, AFR)  Sint Maarten Dutch part (2) Slovakia (317, EUR)  Slovenia (130, EUR) Solomon Islands (417, WPR)  Suriname (150, AMR)  Sweden (821, EUR) Switzerland (564, EUR)

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (284) Tokelau (2) Tonga (14, WPR)  Trinidad and Tobago (218, AMR)  Turks and Calcos Islands (2) Tuvalu (20, WPR) United Arab Emirates (64) Uruguay (909) US Virgin Islands Vanuatu (136, WPR) Wallis and Futuna Islands (0) West Bank and Gaza Strip (41)

WHO World Regions

WHO TB regions

WHO TB regions

The six WHO regions of the world are:

AFR – African Region, AMR – Americas, EMR – Eastern Mediterranean Region, EUR – European Region, SEAR – South-East Asia Region, WPR – Western Pacific Region

The WHO regions are not always the same as the geographical regions. Libya is an example of this.  Libya is normally considered as being in Africa, but it is in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region. Considerable information about TB can be found on the WHO website. Much of the country information on the WHO website is organised by WHO region.

Major Source for cases of TB by country

Global Tuberculosis Control 2016, WHO, Geneva, 2016 www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/